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Schweizerdeutsch in einer Welt im Wandel

Autoren: Natalia Maslakova-Clauberg und Rolf Clauberg
Journal: Germanische Philologie in Rußland: Jahrbuch des Russischen Verbandes der Germanisten, 2022, Nr. 19, S. 263-273
Vollständiger Artikel
Abstract:Dieser Artikel untersucht die besondere Bedeutung der Deutschschweizer Mundart-Dialekte für die Schweiz und insbesondere für die Deutschschweizer. Nach einer kurzen Betrachtung der Bevölkerungsstruktur der Schweiz und der damit verbundenen nationalen Sprachen, konzentrieren wir uns auf die Deutschschweiz als grössten Teil der Schweiz und der Rolle der deutschen bzw. schweizerdeutschen Sprache. Zuerst werden die Schriftsprachen, dann die gesprochenen Sprachen verglichen. Obwohl die Schriftsprachen deutliche Unterschiede erkennen lassen, sind sie immer noch so nahe beieinander, dass die Kommunikation von Deutschschweizern mit Deutschen oder Österreichern damit problemlos ist. Ganz anders sieht es bei der Kommunikation mit den Mundarten aus. Hier ist eine Kommunikation innerhalb der Schweizerdeutschen Dialekte möglich, aber äusserst schwierig zwischen Deutschschweizern und Deutschen. Die Schweizerdeutschen Dialekte spielen eine sehr wichtige Rolle im nationalen Selbstverständnis der Schweizer, speziell als Abgrenzung gegen Deutschland und Definition des Deutschschweizers und sogar des Schweizer Nationalverständnis.

Global changes in the world economic system and international relations

Autor: Rolf Clauberg
Conference: Russia and the world: The development of civilizations. Transformations of civilizational values in the modern world - Россия и мир: Развитие цивилизаций. Преобразования цивилизационных ценностей в современном мире, Moscow/Russia, Apr. 21-22, 2021, pp. 416-421
Abstract:This paper analyses the changes in global trading patterns and economic relations from about the year 2000 to the present. Findings are that the evolution of China to a strong international power is based on clear strategic steps in manufacturing, outward foreign direct investment, education, as well as science and technology. Thereby challenging the present global superpower, the USA, in its economic, scientific, and technology positions and international relations. The resulting trade war started by the USA and the related actions against Russia may push China and Russia into a strategic partnership and the world into a bipolar order dominated by China and the USA.

Cyber-physical systems and artificial intelligence: chances and threats to modern economies

Autor: Rolf Clauberg
Journal: Журнал Мировые цивилизации, 5(3-4), 2020 pp. 1-9
Abstract:This article analyzes the potential chances and threats to modern civilizations and economies caused by cyber-physical systems and artificial intelligence. Literature describing the evolution of cyber-physical systems and artificial intelligence is analyzed for discerning the underlying forces driving these evolutions, the potential chances brought by these new technologies as well as the most serious threats stemming from these technologies. Special emphasize is given to the merge of operational technology and information technology and corresponding cyber-physical systems in critical infrastructure, industrial plants, and unmanned aerial vehicles. For cyber-physical systems in critical infrastructure and industrial plants we find the chances driving the evolution mainly in enhancements of productivity and improvements of efficiency and ease of use within their existing markets. For unmanned aerial vehicles the corresponding chances are mainly new applications, in markets accessible before only with high risk for human life and health. For the threats we try to estimate the size of threats from previous events and the potential to realize these threats from what is needed for the realization and what is easily available in terms of hardware, software, and technical knowledge. The threats for both areas are mainly in cyber-terrorism and cyber-warfare.

Challenges of digitalization and artificial intelligence for modern economies, societies and management

Autor: Rolf Clauberg
Journal: RUDN Journal of Economics, 28(3), 2020 pp. 556-567
Abstract:This study aims at identifying the challenges of digitalization and artificial intelligence for modern economies, societies and business administration. The implementation of digitalization schemes as Industry 4.0 are presently official policy of many developed countries. The goal is optimization of production processes and supply chains. Artificial intelligence is also affecting many fields. Both technologies are expected to substantially change working conditions for many people. It is important to identify the kind and impact of these changes and possible means to minimize negative effects. For this purpose, this study uses previous results about the disappearance of manufacturing jobs in the USA and their impact on different groups of society together with technical information about the new technologies to deduce expected changes caused by digitalization and artificial intelligence. Results are that both technologies will destroy large numbers of jobs and complete job classes while at the same time creating new jobs very different from the ones destroyed. Extensive permanent education and reeducation of employees will be necessary to minimize negative effects, probably even changes to a more broad-based education to improve the potential of job changes into completely new fields. In addition, the technical information about digitalization in cyber-physical systems points to dangers that will require solutions on the international level.

International Aspects of Cybersecurity

Autor: Rolf Clauberg
Journal: Россия и Мир, Вестник Дипломатической Академии МИД России, 2019 No 4 (22), pp 24-38
English language article in a mainly Russian language journal, ISSN 2410-2415 - also available through eLIBRARY.RU as article 41384840
Abstract: This article analysis the threats to cybersecurity in the pure information technology range as well as for cyber-physical systems. It is argued that the existence of the international dark-net business makes unambiguous identification of attackers extremely difficult and that this substantially lowers the barrier to attacks on critical infrastructure and industrial facilities. International approaches to counter these dangers show only limited successes and enhanced confidence building activities between countries look necessary to avoid large disasters.

Globalization and Technology Evolution: Impact on Economy and Society of the USA

Autor: Rolf Clauberg
Journal: Россия и Мир, Вестник Дипломатической Академии МИД России, 2019 No 2 (20), pp 26-39
English language article in a mainly Russian language journal, ISSN 2410-2415 - also available through eLIBRARY.RU as article 38303759
Abstract: This article analysis the economic development in the USA to explain the change from strong support of global trade to a protectionist policy. It finds that the overall economic development for the USA was positive for more than the last 20 years, but that the gains of this development were highly concentrated with negative gains for more than 60% of the US population. Causes are the inability of the system to adapt to a changing portfolio of available jobs as well as large automatization in industry.